In the production of cellulosic biofuels breaking down lignocellulosic feedstocks into C5 and C6 sugars is a major challenge. In a leap forward that could be a game-changer for understanding how plant biomass can be more efficiently broken down, researchers from the University of California (UC), Riverside, Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Central Florida have created a chemical roadmap to disentangle the complex polymer lignin from cellulose and hemicellulose.
Now, scientists at the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences have developed a chemocatalytic approach to convert cellulose into ethanol in a one-pot process by using a multifunctional Mo/Pt/WOx catalyst.
VTT launches gasification technology to produce biofuel cost-effectively from lignocellulosic feedstock [Registered]
Researchers at VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd have developed a new gasification-based technique to turn lignocellulosic feedstock, in particular, forest industry residues, into transport fuels and chemicals.
Last December, construction began on a demonstration plant producing jet fuel from wood biomass. This was supported by a Japanese consortium, led by Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems, Ltd., with partners Chubu Electric Power Co (CEPCO), Toyo Engineering Corp. and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), and support from the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO).
Supercomputer use greatly advances molecular-level breakdown of lignocellulosic feedstock [Full subscriber]
Using supercomputers, a team from the US Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has made several fundamental discoveries related to the challenges associated with breaking down lignocellulosic feedstock prior to the production of cellulosic biofuels.
Researchers in Belgium at the at KU Leuven’s Centre for Surface Chemistry have found a way to convert lignocellulosic feedstock into gasoline or platform chemicals.
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have identified two main challenges for the production of biobased hydrocarbons to be used as diesel and jet fuels from lignocellulosic feedstocks.
Researchers at the Imperial College London claim to have successfully modified an enzyme that is able to break down lignocellulosic feedstock 30 times faster than previously possible.
Genetic mechanisms regulating the production of hydrolytic enzymes by Trichoderma species elicited [Full subscriber]
In the production of cellulosic biofuels, enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulosic feedstock to produce sugars that will be subsequently fermented is central to the process. Researchers at the University of Campinas (UNICAMP) in São Paulo State, Brazil, partnering with colleagues from the National Bioethanol Science & Technology Laboratory (CTBE) have elicited the genetic mechanisms that regulate the control and production of hydrolytic enzymes by, Trichoderma spp.
Yeast engineered to thrive on xylose expected to advance cellulosic biofuels production [Registered]
Researchers at Tufts University have created a genetically modified yeast that can more efficiently consume a novel nutrient, xylose, enabling the yeast to grow faster and to higher cell densities, raising the prospect of a significantly faster path toward the design of new synthetic organisms for industrial applications, according to a study published in Nature Communications.