International Sugar Journal

Energy cane bagasse as a source of prebiotics [Full subscriber]

Abstract Prebiotics can be grouped into established prebiotics (inulin, fructooligosaccharides, galactooligosaccharides, lactulose, polydextrose) or emerging prebiotics (isomaltooligosaccharides, xylooligosaccharides (XOS), lactitol).  XOS are non-toxic, stable at acidic pH, heat resistant, and can achieve positive biological effects at low daily doses and low caloric content, properties that are the same or more desirable than the already established prebiotics. XOS are present in plants in very low amounts so there is a great opportunity to isolate XOS with varying degrees of polymerization from the hemicellulose (xylan) fraction of lignocellulosic materials (e.g., bagasse), a source that offers both economic and environmental advantages. The thermochemical…

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