International Sugar Journal
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Diffusion and factory operations [Full subscriber]

In 1967 three bagasse diffusers were commissioned in Southern Africa. Their performances had not been consistently good due to adjustments to gain experience with the new equipment. However extractions were […]

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Diffusion: History [Full subscriber]

In 1962 JH Payne in Hawaii noted that diffusion was universal for processing sugar beets, whereas juice in sugar cane was expressed by pressure rolls. Hawaiian factories used batch diffusion, […]

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Differential scanning calorimetry [Full subscriber]

Principles New analytical techniques such as gas or high pressure liquid chromatography and near infrared spectroscopy have been used in the cane sugar industry after their developments elsewhere. Here we look […]

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Near infra-red spectroscopy [Full subscriber]

Some basic principles In an excellent article Davies (2018) noted that when one holds one’s hand out to a burning fire one “feels” heat being emitted.  The fire gives out […]

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An SJM target recovery [Full subscriber]

A number of cane payment systems involving cane quality have been developed and are used in industry (Saranin, 1975). The same comments apply to parameters used for assessing factory performance. […]

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Clarifier muds to the diffuser [Full subscriber]

The concept of sending clarifier muds to the extraction plant for disposal with bagasse is not new.   van Hengel and van der Waal (1999) note that it was applied in […]

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Vacuum [Full subscriber]

A definition of “cold” or “coldness” is “a relative absence of heat” (Chambers, 1941). Basically the word cold indicates a lack of heat energy; it does not represent an entity […]

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Varieties and processing [Full subscriber]

In 1942 Wheeler noted that new varieties to replace Uba were available: the grower was interested in sugar and cane yields, ratooning and the value of each new variety. The […]

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Boiler waters [Full subscriber]

Boiler waters namely feed water (FW), the water supplied to, and boiler water (BW) the water contained inside boilers are a vast, complicated topic. In many sugarcane factories the management […]

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Boiler stacks [Registered]

During a congress opening presentation in 2015 Peter Rein quoted Lubin and Esty (2010) as follows: “Sustainability has been identified as a megatrend, which requires businesses to adapt and innovate […]

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