International Sugar Journal
The Blackboard

Vacuum [Full subscriber]

A definition of “cold” or “coldness” is “a relative absence of heat” (Chambers, 1941). Basically the word cold indicates a lack of heat energy; it does not represent an entity […]

Read more …
The Blackboard

Varieties and processing [Full subscriber]

In 1942 Wheeler noted that new varieties to replace Uba were available: the grower was interested in sugar and cane yields, ratooning and the value of each new variety. The […]

Read more …
The Blackboard

Boiler waters [Full subscriber]

Boiler waters namely feed water (FW), the water supplied to, and boiler water (BW) the water contained inside boilers are a vast, complicated topic. In many sugarcane factories the management […]

Read more …
The Blackboard

Boiler stacks [Registered]

During a congress opening presentation in 2015 Peter Rein quoted Lubin and Esty (2010) as follows: “Sustainability has been identified as a megatrend, which requires businesses to adapt and innovate […]

Read more …
The Blackboard

Non – condensable gases [Full subscriber]

Although non-condensable gases (NCG) have important practical effects on heat transfer, this topic is not popular in classical sugar technology texts. Spencer and Meade (1948) and van der Poel et […]

Read more …
The Blackboard

Comparing data [Full subscriber]

The sugarcane industry produces large amounts of agricultural and factory data. Often it is required to investigate trends in the data to see if any chronological effects are present or […]

Read more …
The Blackboard

ICUMSA [Registered]

The International Commission for Uniform Methods of Sugar Analysis Ltd. (ICUMSA. http://www.icumsa.org [2017, Oct 5]) is a world-wide body which brings together the activities of National Committees for Sugar Analysis […]

Read more …
The Blackboard

Target purity [Registered]

Recovering the maximum amount of sucrose from molasses has been a major objective in the sugarcane industry for a long time. HC Prinsen Geerlings investigated melassigenic substances in cane molasses […]

Read more …
The Blackboard

Harvesting: Manual vs. Mechanical – Impact on co-products [Full subscriber]

Lomé Conventions between the European Economic Community and African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries were in force from 1975 to 2000. In 2000 the convention was renewed under the name […]

Read more …
The Blackboard

Harvesting: Manual vs. Mechanical [Registered]

There is confusion in the literature about the meaning of words such as “trash”, “dirt”, “soil”, “extraneous matter” and “cane”. This is regrettable as it affects the value of data when general trends are investigated.

Read more …