News International Sugar Journal

Adaptation to extreme environment by red algae could advance human medicine and bioremediation [Registered]

Most organisms would die in the volcanic sulfur pools of Yellowstone and Mount Etna. Robust simple algae call it home, and their secrets to survival could advance human medicine and bioremediation. Researchers from Michigan State University revealed how primitive red algae Galdieria sulphuraria use horizontal gene transfer, in essence stealing useful genes from other organisms to evolve and thrive in harsh environments. Their study, published in the journal Science, shows that the algae’s ability to adapt to a hot and extremely acidic environment lies in part in their membrane proteins. “The algae’s membrane proteins are biologically quite interesting because they’re…

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