Technical papers

An evaporator station model for estimating exhaust steam conversion and consumption*

Abstract The two largest categories of energy consumption in a sugar factory, after the boilers, are concentration of clear juice to syrup and process heating duties serviced using evaporator vapour bleeds. These cannot be measured directly, since both are supplied […]

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The Blackboard

Clarifier development

Lionnet (2013)  noted that “in 1894  Deming patented a settling tank which was the forerunner of modern continuous clarifiers; Davies in 1936 gave 176 references covering 21 different types of clarifiers”. This interest in clarifiers has not stopped. Before the […]